Here we go with Chapter 4 of Text Dependent Questions! This chapter will help you focus your instruction on what the text means.
What does the text mean?
As we have read, the habit of reading closely stars with reading to determine the literally interpretation, but that is not the end of the road. Reading must be about pulling all of the various details and nuances of the book together to arrive at the whole message. Keeping an eye on the bigger picture (the message) while reading is paramount.
Dimensions of inferencing
Wait… What? This is new vocabulary for me… I had to read it a few [ok MANY times because I was on a plane and I had a child kicking my seat behind me]. On page 93, authors tells us there are three types of inferencing:
Lexical: Making an informed judgement about the meaning of an ambiguous word, using grammatical, contextual, and structural cues
Predictive: Forming a plausible hypothesis
Elaborative: Filling in unstated information
The authors also discuss text cohesion. Easier texts have higher cohesion. For example, it may contain explicit language to cue cause and effect.
Here is an example from Nicola Davies book, Just Ducks!
This would be a great inferring opportunity. Questions to ask:
- Why is it important for ducks to be thoughtful about where they sleep?
- What do you suppose might happen to them if they slept out in the open?
- Where might a safe place be for ducks to sleep?
One of my favorite quotes from the book comes from p.96:
“When we expect them [students] to behave like silly beings, we oblige them.”
I think back to the times when I ask my students to work through a text that is challenging. I am always amazed at how they rise up to the challenge. With support, students are capable of so much!
Need book ideas?
Do you need some text ideas? Deanna Jump and I have collected various titles with close reading lessons that you can use in your classroom.
There are two lists because districts have adopted this for their kindergarten AND first grade classrooms, so they needed different texts to use for each grade level. However, each set of lessons offer differentiated opportunities, so either set would work for your classroom. You can download these books lists by clicking HERE.
Now the discussion part… you have a few options:
- Comment below! Easy, breezy!
- Join our Facebook Group… we are a kindergarten crowd, but we promise to let you in for our book chat 🙂
- If you have a blog, you can link up!